The panic attacks, episodes of sudden, intense and growing fear, are characterized by numerous “false dangers”, i.e. easy to misinterpretation physiological sensations and mistaken and threatening catastrophic.
Closely associated with mental representations of death, madness, or, more generally, loss of control, panic attacks afflict between 1.5 and 3.5% of the population, significantly abolishing the quality of life.
Panic disorder typically develops between 15 and 19 and between 25 and 30 years, presenting a double diagnostic frequency in women versus men.
To talk about panic attack, there must be at least 4 of the 13 symptoms listed below …
1) Palpitations or cardiopalm: Heavy, abnormal, irregular or tachycardic heart beat.
2) Fear of losing control or crazy.
3) Slowness, instability or fainting sensations: Headaches, dizziness, light head.
4) Tremors or big shakes.
6) Drowsiness or choking sensation: Altered breathing for rhythm and frequency.
7) Chest pain or discomfort: Pain in the left inframammary region.
8) Derealization or depersonalization: Alteration of the perception of self and the surrounding world.
9) Chills or hot flashes.
10) Fear of dying.
11) Sensation of drowsiness or tingling: Paresthesia in the hands, lips, face and feet.
12) Nausea or abdominal disturbances.
13) Asphyxiation sensation: Constriction to the throat.
The panic attack has a sudden start, generally reaching the peak of intensity within 10 and 20 minutes of time.
During an anxious crisis, automatic and uncontrolled thoughts fill the mind of the person, making it difficult to reason and realize what is really happening to their body.
Panic symptoms can be classified into four groups …
- Symptoms Cardio respirators: Tachycardia, sense of chest tightness, difficulty in breathing;
- Gastrointestinal symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, tension, abdominal pain;
- Vibulic Symptoms: Sensation of instability, dizziness, fainting sensations;
- Psychosensory Symptoms: Derealization, depersonalization, disorientation, feeling of walking on the foam, soft legs.
There are 3 different types of panic attacks …
- Unexpected Panic Attacks: Episodes perceived by the person as spontaneous and unexpected. The subject cannot mentally represent circumstances that may favor the onset of panic. An unexpected form of panic is for example the night or the night that wakes up;
- Panic Attacks Related to a Situation: Episodes related to specific situations and phobias (e.g. airplane, elevator);
- Attacks of Panic Caused by a Situation: Episodes driven by situations in themselves not feared but predisposing the attack (e.g. row to supermarket, cinema, hot, humidity).
The first panic attack, in 30% of cases of intoxication or abstinence from substances (marijuana, alcohol, cocaine), could be favored by …
- Sentimental separation;
- Affective Loss;
- Financial and employment stress;
- Significant personal or family illness;
- Sexual Abuse Received;
- Physical or psychological violations received.
Suffering from panic attacks means significantly compromising the quality of your social, affective, working, and relational life, strongly affecting your perception of vulnerability, vulnerability, weakness, and dependence.
Moreover, this disturbance, very frequently, results in a significant decrease in mood tone, acquiring an even more disabling connotation.
A first fundamental step towards resolving the problem is surely to recognize its own disorder by accurately understanding activating symptoms and events.
Panic attacks, if cared for through a psychological path, have a very positive prognosis.
Research shows that the psychotherapeutic treatment most well known for this difficulty is the cognitive behavioral one.